The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), headquartered at Mumbai in West Indian state of Maharashtra is the national governing body for all cricket in India. The board was formed in December 1928 as BCCI replaced Calcutta Cricket Club. BCCI is a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. It often uses government-owned stadiums across the country at a nominal annual rent. It is a “private club consortium”. To become a member of a state-level association, one needs to be introduced by another member and also pay an annual fee. The state-level clubs select their representatives (secretaries) who in turn select the BCCI officials.
The BCCI logo is derived from the emblem of the Order of the Star of India, the Indian national emblem during the colonial period.
In 1912, an all-India cricket team visited England for the first time, sponsored and captained by the Maharaja of Patiala, and featured the best cricketers of the time from India. In 1926, two representatives of the Calcutta Cricket Club traveled to London to attend a couple of meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, the predecessor to the current International Cricket Council. Although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, it was allowed to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The outcome of the meeting was the MCC’s decision to send a team to India, led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes. The Hindus, as well as the all-India team, performed impressively during this tour.
In a meeting with the Maharaja of Patiala and others, Gilligan praised Indian cricket and promised to press for its inclusion in the ICC if all the promoters of the game in the land came together to establish a single controlling body. An assurance was given and a meeting held in Delhi on 21 November 1927, attended by delegates from Sindh, Punjab, Patiala, Delhi, United Provinces, Rajputana, Alwar, Bhopal, Gwalior, Baroda, Kathiawar and Central India. A consensus was reached to create a board for control of cricket in India. Another meeting, on 10 December 1927, brought a unanimous decision to form a “provisional” board of control to represent cricket in India.
In December 1928, the BCCI was formed despite having only six associations affiliated to it as against the earlier-decided eight. R. E. Grant Govan was made its first president and Anthony De Mello its first secretary.
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